Informative Speech Essay
The History of Telephone
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Have you ever thought how life would be without a telephone or a cell phone in the 21st century? I can bet that almost every person today owns a phone. Typically, the majority of the youth have had a phone the whole of their lives. The funny thing is that, despite many people owning phones, they are no longer using them as phones anymore (Bogost, 2015). Very many tasks have been connected to phone usage. The latter started occurring when portable phones were improvised. In places like the United States, very few people communicate using wired telephones since the majority of citizens prefer using wireless phones which they carry along with them everywhere they go. For the last few months, I have conducted several studies in readiness for this speech and the bottom line is the history of the telephone. Back in the years, the telephone could transmit information via transmission lines, but due to the growing technology, it has advanced, and currently, we have wireless phones. It is amusing to see how the content that was conveyed via telephone has changed over the years. At first, it was voice call which advanced to video calls and sending of images. Therefore, it is important to have a clear understanding of where telephone has come from, where it is today, and where it will be tomorrow by recognizing the different dignitaries in its development. (Informative Speech Essay)
Informative Speech Essay Outline
Allow me to take you through the evolution of telephone dating back to the nineteenth century through to the twenty first century. The first case of telephone came to the limelight in the year 1870 when two scholars independently invented devices with electric cables that transmitted sound. These inventors are known as Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham. Upon their discoveries, they both registered their respective inventions at the patent office (Beauchamp, 2010). Later there was a great battle on the ownership of the invention between the two scholars of which Alexander Graham won. He went further to improve the device, and three years later, he came up with the Telegraph. However, it did not take long before Graham realized the limitations of the device. He noticed that the telegraph could only send and receive one message at a time. With his knowledge and understanding of music and sound, Graham managed to improve the issue, whereby the devices would then receive and send more than one message at the same time along the same wire (Gilbert & Muldowney, 2012).
Let us shift our focus to the year 1877. During this year, Graham managed to make the first permanent outdoor telephone, which would go up to a distance of three miles. A year later, there was the development of the workable exchange that made it possible to switch calls between subscribers and this replaced the use of the direct lines. Three years later (1880), the long distance communication service further developed to the use of the metallic circuits (Gilbert & Muldowney, 2012).
Still, in the nineteenth century (1891), Kansas City undertaker invented an automatic dialing system, which facilitated the establishment of the first telephone operated using coins in Hartford, Connecticut. Bell Graham then started his company in 1904, which came up with the French phone, which had the receiver and transmitter in a single and simple handset and this has been supported by Beauchamp (2010).
According to Beauchamp (2010), in the year 1921, there was a new invention whereby three conversations would take place on two different lines at the same time, which was made possible by switching many calls using the phantom circuits. Six years later, the first transatlantic service became operational, and it was from New York to London. At this point, the signals were no longer transmitted through the wires, but rather through radio waves. In the 1940s, further inventions including the operation of the commercial mobile services, transistors, and microwave radio technologies took place. In the 1980s, various scholars then came together to develop the fibre optic cables, which enabled the phone to accommodate the large volume of calls than the microwaves. From the 1890s, 1990s up to date, there have been incredible advancements in the electronic technology, which has eventually resulted in the development of the modern mobile phones popularly known as smartphones.
Having taken you through the development of the telephone up to the present day, you can see how much technology has impacted the communication sector. I can therefore conclude that the future of phones is anticipated to entail more sophisticated devices that are developed to serve mores tasks that they are performing today. The same way phones are changing; we will keep on upgrading our phones and getting rid of the outdated ones. The latter means that information communication technology is inevitable in the modern society.
Beauchamp, C. (2010). Who invented the telephone?: Lawyers, patents, and the judgments of history. Technology and Culture, 51(4), 854-878.
Bogost, I. (2015). Why Do People Hate Making Phone Calls?. The Atlantic. Retrieved 15 June 2017, from https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/08/why-people-hate-making-phone-calls/401114/
Gilbert, A. C., & Muldowney, A. (2012). U.S. Patent No. 8,090,082. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. U.S. Patent No. 8,090,082. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
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